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BELIZE

  • "A Policy Framework for the Telecommunications Sector in Belize," Public Utilities Commission, September 2001: "The emergence of new technologies and new uses of old technologies will pose new problems for the country and the industry. Technologies like digital wireless applications ranging from cellular, PCS to wireless Local Area Networks will make serious demands on the frequency spectrum and have potential for interference... The new Telecommunications Act will empower the PUC to regulate these new and converging technologies like Internet... Innovation will be encouraged..."
  • Belize Telecommunications Act, Law No. 16 of 2002 (Gazetted 17 August 2002). Section 15 (2) says: "A license shall be required in order to enable a person to: (b) provide telecommunication services that offer real time voice or data services..." Section 15 (6) says: "The PUC shall license such private and public telecommunications service providers as market conditions warrant..."
  • From Section 4 of Statutory Instrument 110 of 2002: "Telecommunications (Licensing Classification, Authorization and Fee Structure) Regulations":

    "(2) An Individual Licence shall be specific to an individual operator and shall cover the basic Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN) services, mobile and wireless services, and any service that requires frequency spectrum.

    "(3) A Class Licence shall be issued where Individual Licences are not justified but there may still be a need to place certain conditions on the provision of the service... Class Licences shall apply to services such as data transmission, resale, internet, value-added services and private networks."

    So where does that leave private data networks which use radio frequencies? Do they need both a class and an individual license? (The list of class licences posted on the PUC website shows only commercial providers of public services...)
  • The Belize Telecommunications Act - Revised Edition 2003 shows the subsidiary laws as at 31 May 2003: "Frequency Authorisation from the PUC [Public Utility Commission] shall be required for any service that requires the use of specified frequencies..." (That suggests no frequency authorization is needed when a specific frequency is not assigned...)
  • Application Form For Frequency Spectrum.
  • Telecommunications Class Licence Application.
  • Application for Individual License.
  • "Telecommunications (Licensing Classification, Authorisation and Fees Structure) Regulations," S.I. No. 110 of 2002: "An Individual Licence shall be specific to an individual operator and shall cover... wireless services, and any service that requires frequency spectrum..."
  • Belize Free Internet Consortium.
  • "BTL introduces Internet hotspot," Love FM, 7 June 2005: Belize Telecom Ltd.'s "internet hotspot provides customers with another means of accessing high speed internet in hotels, airport and other locations, using any wireless device such as Personal Digital Assistant (PDA), laptops and handheld computers... BTL says its internet hotspot is being introduced first at the Great House in Belize City and the Phillip Goldson International Airport. Additional access points will be available as the service is introduced in other hotels and tourist areas..."
  • "Rural Wireless Expansion for Belize," Cellular News, 19 February 2007: "...BTL says that it has received approval and full support from the Public Utilities Commission (PUC), to proceed with the installation of a new wireless country-wide communications network that will extend coverage of BTL's telephone and high-speed internet services throughout the whole of Belize, including rural areas and those areas that at present do not receive service..." The licensed system will operate in the 450MHz band.

Latin America & Caribbean - Regional Overview