Brought to you as a public service of the Open Spectrum Foundation (Stichting Open Spectrum), Amsterdam - Prague
The current legal framework for ICTs - and steps for renovating it - are described on pages 133-144 of Cape Verde's Programa Estratégico para a Sociedade da Informação (Strategic Program for an Information Society), 2 June 2005, in Portuguese. The basic law for the communication sector is Decree-Law No. 5/94 (7 February 1994) which limits competition and private initiatives to circumscribed sectors of the market. Decree-Law No. 70/95 (20 November 1995) deals with value-added networks, including Internet access services, but it has not stimulated private investment or innovation. Decree-Law No. 72/95, defining measures for regulating telecommunications, granted Cabo Verde Telecom SA a 25-year monopoly. However, Council of Ministers Resolution No.5/2005 - "Iniciativa Nacional para a Internet, Acessibilidade e Banda Larga" (National Initiative for Internet, Accessibility and Broadband), 25 April 2005, set a new course for the country in ICT policy. According to that resolution, the telecom sector is supposed to be completely liberalized by the end of 2007 and a "strong regulator for telecommunications, broadcasting and Internet, able to act independently from government, with a vision determined by the need to develop Information Society" should be created. The resolution also calls for promoting new technologies like WiFi and WiMAX, and notes that to do this, the legal framework for allocating spectrum and licensing frequencies must be changed.
"Cabo Verde Telecom's Monopoly Ends January 2006 as Cape Verde Unilaterally Liberalizes,"Balancing Act Africa News, issue 285 (December 2005): "Cape Verde telecommunications market is about to witness a revolution. The monopoly of incumbent Cabo Verde Telecom on international communications will end on 1st January 2006. Following four months of unsuccessful negotiations between the government and CV Telecom, Cape Verde has decided to unilaterally implement the liberalisation of its telecommunication market. A legislative decree which reflects this new position has been published this week in the Official Bulletin of the country. This document also sets 1st January 2007 as the date when CV Telecom will lose its monopoly on fixed lines services..."
"For a World Bank-funded project, [the Telecommunications Management Group Inc.] is providing legal and policy advisory services to the Minister of Infrastructure and Transport and to the Telecommunications Regulatory Institute for the definition and implementation of proposals for the reform of the sector. The work also focuses on licensing and the introduction of competition and new technologies, in particular the Internet, as well as interconnection and tariffing issues..." ---TMG website.
Núcleo Operacional para a Sociedade de Informação (Operational Nucleus for the Information Society) - part of the Prime Minister's cabinet, NOSI implements policy decisions of the Interministerial Commission for Innovation and the Information Society.
"At the recommendation of the World Bank, Cape Verde enacted laws for the creation of two separate regulatory bodies. The 'Instituto das Comunicaçoes de Cabo Verde,' which is under the Ministry in charge of the Telecommunication sector is responsible for all Telecommunication technical issues, while the 'Agencia de Regulaçao Economica', a multisector regulatory body under the Ministry of Finance is responsible for all telecommunications economic matters..." ---2003 Annual Activity Report of the ITU's Senior Advisor for West Africa, Margarida Evora-Sagna. NOTE: When checked in October 2006, the website of Instituto das Comunicaçoes de Cabo Verde was offline, replaced by a redirect to the "Agência Nacional das Comunicações" which was also offline. Neither were mentioned in the Strategic Program for an Information Society cited above.
"...in Cape Verde the government itself uses the 2.4GHz band to connect the different ministries and government sites, because the leased lines are too expensive." ---"License-Exempt Wireless Policy: Results of an African Survey" by Isabel Neto, Michael L. Best and Sharon E. Gillett, paper presented at ITS-2004.