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CHILE

  • "La Subtel estudia un proyecto de ley para WiFi y VoIP," (Subtel studies a proposed law for WiFi and VoIP) by Teresa Agrasot, AHCIET, 8 March 2007 in Spanish: Chile's regulatory agency will propose to the Congress a draft law of regulatory reform in the first part of 2007, according to a local press account signed by Pablo Bello. According to Bello, the lack of updated regulation has delayed the development of WiMax and VoIP in the country by one or two years.
  • "'Resolución Exenta N° 746,' published last June 11st, 2004, allows the outdoor use of spread spectrum and other kind of digital modulation devices in Chile. Before this resolution has been adopted, it was only possible the use of the 2,4GHz band in a non-license, indoor basis, with maximum output power of 100mW. Now, output power can reach up to 1W (4W EIRP) for outdoor operations in a licensed way. 'Resolución Exenta N° 1150' from September, 2004, allows the use of devices using digital modulations such as OFDM in the 5725-5850MHz band (i.e. 802.11a products)." (Approval News, December 2004, Centro de Tecnología de las Comunicaciones, España)
  • "Resolución Exenta N°. 1261, aprueba Norma Técnica para el Servicio de Banda Local" (Free Resolution No. 1261, approving technical norms for local band service), 7 September 2004: norms for the Citizens Band at 26.960 - 27.410 MHz, and spread spectrum at 2400 - 2483.5 MHz in urban areas and Chilean regions I, II, III, IV, V, VI, XI and XII.
  • See also "Resolución Exenta N° 755: Fija norma téchnica de equipos de alcance reducido," (2005 in Spanish) which consolidates many earlier updates to Chile's technical norms for short-range devices, including Citizens Band, walkie-talkies, RFID, remote controls, wireless microphones, cordless telephones, wireless alarms and spread spectrum WLANs.
  • Chile Wireless - portal for community networks in Chile (all in Spanish) - also known as ChileSanCables.org. Portada is the entrance to their Wiki, which includes technical libraries, news about specific local networks, node maps, minutes of meetings, working notes from hardware experiments, etc. See especially their Legislación Wiki, which has all the laws, regulations, technical norms and updates relevant to license exempt wireless in Chile.
  • HotSpots Chile - online directory, with capacity for hotspot searches in other Latin American countries.
  • "STEL deploys first citywide Wi-Fi service in Chile," by Esme Vos, MuniWireless.com 18 October 2010: "STEL, a next generation broadband service provider in Chile, has deployed a citywide Wi-Fi network (based on Ruckus Wireless' mesh equipment) in Maipú, the second largest commune in Chile covering more than 133 square kilometers with population of over 650,000... STEL has now deployed hundreds of Ruckus ZoneFlex 7762 dual-band, outdoor 802.11n access points and ZoneFlex 2741 single-band 802.11n outdoor access points throughout Maipú. STEL is offering broadband services to 140,000 households in Maipú..."
  • "Chilean rural community gets access to information thanks to UNESCO-supported project," UNESCO News, 14 December 2010: "...The initiative came about in 2006 as part of a project carried out by the Engineering Faculty at UTALCA and prompted by two students who based their undergraduate thesis on implementing a long-distance Internet and telephone system for a rural clinic... Later a project backed by OREALC and UNESCO's Santiago Office made it possible to install the [Wi-Fi] system definitively and to ensure its launch this year... Located 37 kilometres from Romeral and traditionally isolated, the Los Queñes community organized its first community multimedia centre in 2008. UNESCO's International Programme for the Development of Communication (IPDC) approved a new US$11,400 project to be developed in 2010-2011..."
  • Wifi Chile - new Google group. First message is a guide to free hotspots in Santiago (as of 8 February 2005).
  • "RadioNet, ITACA and HISPASAT Provide Wi-Fi to 540 Schools in Chile," Wi-Fi Technology News, 25 February 2005.
  • "Decreto No.15, Plan General de Uso del Espectro Radioelectrónico" - updated to January 2000 (355kb, in Spanish).
  • Documento de Respuesta: Consulta Pública - Remoción de Ostáculos para el Desarrollo de las Telecomunicaciones en el Corto Plazo (Documentation of Responses: Public Consultation - Removal of obstacles for the Development of the Telecommunications in the Near Term) August 2006, 142 pages in Spanish. The only mention of license exempt spectrum that we could find in this document was
  • "WiMAX Network for Chile," Cellular News, 22 February 2007: "Alcatel-Lucent has been awarded a major contract by Mexico's Telmex to deploy Latin America's first commercial universal WiMAX network, which will be deployed in Chile. This new network will provide full coverage for Telmex' corporate and residential customers in 24 major cities in Chile,.."
  • "Chile activists seek de-criminalization and greater role for community radios," by Pamela Sepulveda, Santiago Times, 10 February 2010, in English: "Criminal law should not be used against freedom of expression, nor to silence community radio stations in Chile, say activists and journalists in response to closures of community radio outlets in this South American country. Seven community radio stations were closed down in 2009 for broadcasting without a licence... In Latin America, only Chile and Brazil still treat unlicensed broadcasting as a criminal act. The communicators' organisations and community radio stations are demanding the repeal of Article 36 b) of the General Telecommunications Law, a legacy of the dictatorship of General Augusto Pinochet (1973-1990), which criminalizes unlicensed broadcasting. Issued by Pinochet as a Supreme Decree in 1982, its purpose was to clamp down on and silence opposition media outlets. Twenty years after Chile's return to democracy, the outgoing government of socialist President Michelle Bachelet has only just now seen fit to send a bill to Congress to eliminate the criminalization of community radio broadcasting without a license... [But] unless the executive branch requests urgent treatment of the bill in Congress, the measure may be lost among the new government's legislative priorities... even if prison sentences are eliminated for broadcasting without a license, the seizure of equipment and levying of fines would still stand. A report on broadcasting in Chile, produced by RMP and ECO and released in December, shows that nearly all the legal actions against community radio stations were brought by members of the National Association of Radio Broadcasters, which represents the interests of private commercial broadcasters... The community broadcasters got some news in January that raised half a cheer, when Congress approved a law creating 'community broadcasting services' which will benefit about 400 community radio stations that currently hold licences as 'minimum-coverage' broadcasters. The bill, awaiting Bachelet's signature, legally recognizes the radio stations as providing social and community services, offers some technical improvements, like increasing their permitted power from one watt to 10 watts, and extends their license periods from three years to 10 years..."

Latin America & Caribbean - Regional Overview