Brought to you as a public service of the Open Spectrum Foundation (Stichting Open Spectrum), Amsterdam - Prague
DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO
The basic communication laws in DRC seem to be Act No. 012/2002 on the Post Office; Framework Act on Telecommunications in the DRC, No. 013/2002; and Act No. 014/2002, establishing the Regulatory Authority for Post and Telecommunications. These 3 laws were all enacted on 16 October 2002.
"La RDC pour la réadaptation du cadre législatif sur la télécommunication," (DRC is for readjusting the legislative framework of telecommunication) La Conscience, 29 September 2006, in French: the law approved on 29 September 2006 aims to stimulate private investment in the sector by licensing concessions and cracking down on unauthorized service providers. The core laws in this sector had previously been the law on telecommunication and the law creating the post and telecom regulator, both dating from 2002: Loi-cadre n° 013/2002 du 16 octobre 2002 (sur les Télécommunications en RDC) et la loi n° 014/2002 du 16 octobre 2002 (portant création de l'Autorité de Régulation de la Poste et des Télécoms [ARPTC]).
"Le Congo lance la réforme de la gestion de ses fréquences radio" [Congo launches radio frequency management reform], PanaPress, 26 January 2007, in French. Tunisia will help the DR Congo's government to reform its planning and management of the radio spectrum, Philippe Mvouo has announced in Brazzaville. Mr. Mvouo is in charge of new communication technologies at the Ministry of Posts and Telecommunications. The law on telecom regulation gives the Ministry sole responsibility for technical management of radio spectrum.
"Les Ondes Radio-électriques en RDC ne sont pas sécurisées," [The radio waves in the DRC are not secure] by Kalonji Bilolo Trésor Dieudonné, 7 June 2006, SocieteCivile.cd, in French. This reports on some monitoring by the "Center for Technological Research": using ordinary FM radio receivers and Japanese-made TVs, they were able to listen to unscrambled military communications. This suggests that there are few broadcasters in DRC and little control over the military by civilian regulators.
"Inter-Connect Picks Alvarion,"Unstrung, 21 March 2006: "...Inter-Connect, an ISP and major broadband provider in the Democratic Republic of Congo, is improving and expanding its broadband wireless network... Their existing network, which operates in central Kinshasa, was deployed using Alvarion's earlier generation BreezeACCESS II system in 2.4 GHz. By building the new network in the license exempt frequency of 5.4 GHz and adding additional equipment to cover more of the capital city, Inter-Connect will enjoy improved capacity..."
Arrêté No 452: "Conditions générales d'établissement et d'exploitation des réseaux indépendants" (decree on the general conditions for establishing and using independent networks), date and current validity unknown.
"The Democratic Republic of Congo (Kinshasa) responded that, although licensing is said to be automatic on payment of a fee, it is difficult to obtain a license, since 'there are many taxes to pay' and there is no specific policy in terms of Telecom. Congo further mentions that 'there have been conflicts between the Telecom and the Media Ministry about regulation and licenses'..." ---"License-Exempt Wireless Policy: Results of an African Survey" by Isabel Neto, Michael L. Best and Sharon E. Gillett, paper presented at ITS-2004.