Brought to you as a public service of the Open Spectrum Foundation (Stichting Open Spectrum), Amsterdam - Prague
EAST TIMOR (TIMOR-LESTE)
"The United Nations finally completed its role in early 2005... Telecommunications remains an important priority under a newly established Ministry of Transport, Communication & Public Works... Timor Leste (also known as East Timor) is yet to be listed as a member of the International Telecommunication Union (ITU). This makes it difficult to obtain official statistics on the country's telecom sector..." ---2006 South East Asian Broadband and Internet Market, Paul Budde Communication Pty Ltd, 15 August 2006.
"In the absence of a comprehensive broadcasting law, the radio sector remains unregulated. The Ministry of Telecommunications has an office that handles frequency allocation, but does not grant licenses or deal with any other regulatory issues... There is no regulatory authority to deal with technical issues... [Use of] the internet is more or less negligible in Timor-Leste. Given a monopoly provider, access is extremely expensive and quite limited outside the capital. There has been no real effort to use information technology for development, despite evidence showing the positive potential of such activities..." ---"Timor-Leste Media Assessment," by Shanthi Kalathil, February 2006, commissioned by USAID/Timor-Leste
"ICT is new to Timor-Leste: the first computer arrived only in the early 1990s.... The lack of infrastructure limits ICT penetration. The government... established a telecommunications corporation named Timor Telecom in March 2003 in a joint venture with Portuguese Telecom and the private sector. Timor Telecom is entrusted to provide all telecommunications services to the population, including building the infrastructure (voice and data) and providing Internet connectivity..." ---from the chapter on Timor-Leste by Abdullah Zainol Abidin and João Câncio Freitas in the Digital Review of the Pacific, 2005-2006 edition.
"On 21 July 2001 the Telecommunications Law (Regulation no. 2001/15) was published, setting up a regulatory body for the sector - the Autoridade Reguladora de Comunicações (ARCOM) - and establishing the principles of telecommunications policy, specifically safeguarding the principle of universal service. Up to February 2003, the communications sector was the direct responsibility of the Directorate General of Communications of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Public Works; the ministry's former department of Information Technology, Post and Telecommunications (ITPT), which handled all matters affecting postal service and communications, had been previously disbanded. The Directorate General of Communications is made up of the Departments of Telecommunications and of Postal Services. On 29 July 2003 Decree-laws nos. 11/2003 and 12/2003 of 29 July were published [the links here are to English-language versions of the texts]. The first established the bases for telecommunications, the second approved new statutes for the Autoridade Reguladora de Comunicações (ARCOM) and repealed Regulation no. 2001/15. Under article 2 of Decree-law 12/2003, the Directorate Telecommunications of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Public Works was abolished. Furthermore under article 47 of the same law, ARCOM, without prejudice to its organic and functional independence, is placed under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Transport, Communication and Public Works..." ---"Bilateral Cooperation: East Timor," Authoridade Nacional de Comunicaçõ (Portugal).