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ERITREA

  • According to the ACREG database, Eritrea has no table of frequency allocations and no process of equipment type acceptance. The radio sector is governed by policies set by the Ministry of Transport and Communications and regulations of the Communications Department according to the Communications Proclamation No. 102/1998, which says, in Article 34, "Radio equipment...may only be possessed, established or used provided a certificate has been issued by the Department..."
  • The Ministry of Transport and Communications' response to the ITU's national spectrum management survey in 2002 said Eritrea does have an allocations table and the 2.4 GHz "Band is very popular for wireless speed LAN networks - almost fully utilised..."
  • "In Eritrea, the monopoly operator [Eritel] can use the 2.4 and 5GHz bands freely, while companies like ISPs have to pay a fee..." ---"License-Exempt Wireless Policy: Results of an African Survey" by Isabel Neto, Michael L. Best and Sharon E. Gillett, paper presented at ITS-2004.
  • However, in Wireless Networks for the Developing World: The Regulation and Use of License-Exempt Radio Bands in Africa (May 2004), reporting on regulators' responses to her questionaire, Neto says on page 175: "Only monopoly can use [the 2.4 GHz band to provide Internet access to the public]. Have banned private ISP use for data." (It is possible that only "free use" of the band by ISPs is banned, since on page 200 of the same study, four ISPs are said to be paying annual fees for using 2.4 GHz.)
  • "ICT In Eritrea," by Asmelash Gebreyesus, Ministry of Transport and Communication, presented at an ITU /ICTP Workshop on "New Radiocommunication Technologies for ICT in Developing Countries - Africa Region" (Trieste, Italy, 17-21 May 2004): "The number of internet subscribers is around 3000, using dial-up as well as wireless. There are over 40 cyber cafes many of them in the capital city and the rest in the secondary cities. Quite a large number of users access the internet from the cyber cafes..."
  • "Information Communication Technologies (ICT) Indicators" by Tsegay Desta Bainosay, presented at a joint ITU/ECA regional workshop on ICT Indicators in Gaborone, Botswana (26-29 October 2004): "There are 5 competing Internet Service Providers which provide dialup, wireless and lease line services to the public.... there are 42 Internet cafes; 3000 subscribers using dialup, wireless and lease line; 50,000 Internet users...."

Africa - Regional Overview