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ESTONIA

  • According to Section 20 of the Law on Electronic Communication (adopted 8 December 2004, in effect since 1 January 2005): "The Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications has the right, in accordance with the purposes of use of radio frequencies, to determine the possibility to use radio frequencies without a frequency authorisation..."
  • The Estonian radio frequency allocation plan (in English).
  • "Conditions for use of radio frequencies and technical requirements for radio equipment exempted from frequency authorisation," Minister of Economic Affairs and Communications Regulation No. 35 of 13 April 2006, in English. Updates and replaces numerous separate regulations for specific technologies (CB, PMR446, wireless microphones, etc.) as well as nonspecific short range devices. In Estonian, the title is "Raadiosageduste kasutamise tingimused kindlaksmääratud raadiosagedustelning tehnilisest loast vabastatud raadiosaateseadmete" - published in the official gazette, RTL 35:613 (24 April 2006).
  • The world's first transnational bus service with free WiFi has started between Tallinn, Estonia, and Riga, Latvia: "Wi-Fi Bus Crosses the Border" by Cyrus Farivar, Wired News, (6 March 2007)
  • "The Wireless Internet and a WiFi Initiative in Estonia" by Veljo Haamer and Anto Veldre, Baltic IT Review #26 (September 2002), in English.
  • "WiFi in Estonia: The Current Situation" by Veljo Haamer, Baltic IT&T Review, #34 (September 2004).
  • "IT News" in Estonian Economy, April 2003: "...6.8 percent of all wireless Internet areas in Europe are located in Estonia, although 1.4 million Estonians make up only 0.2 percent of the continent's population..." This short article has many other Estonian wireless Internet statistics.
  • "Estonia embraces web without wires" by Clark Boyd, BBC News, 5 May 2004.
  • Wifi.ee in Estonian and English. This site has a searchable-clickable map showing how much of Estonia is now covered by hotspots and how many there are in each district.
  • "Principles of the Estonian Information Policy 2004-2006".
  • "The government on 14 August [2001] issued a decree, which bans commercial Internet service at the radio frequency of 2.4 GHz from 2003, ETA reported. The decision will result in at least 20,000 computers in rural areas losing convenient low-cost access to the Internet. Noting that the use of this frequency is free in all other countries, the service providers of the radio link are protesting the government's action..."---Baltic States Report, RFE/RL, 6 September 2001. We have not been able to corroborate this [now outdated] report...

Europe - Regional Overview