Brought to you as a public service of the Open Spectrum Foundation (Stichting Open Spectrum), Amsterdam - Prague

openspectrum.info logo

PACIFIC ISLANDS

  • Pacific Regional Digital Strategy
  • "Pacific Islands Consider Single Regional Operator" WDR/Intelecon Regulatory News, 6 July 2006: "...Solomon Islands acting finance minister Gordon Darcy said that the Pacific Islands could use the model of the Eastern Caribbean Telecommunication Authority (ECTEL), which liberalised the telecommunications sector in five countries in the Eastern Caribbean, and consequently lowered prices and improved services. A taskforce has been established to look after different options about the regulatory framework..."
  • "Policy Recommendations by the Pacific Island Digital Opportunity (PIDO) Research Project," powerpoint presentation at the Global Knowledge Partnership's ICT4D Platform (12 December 2003) by Kenji Saga, chairman of the Digital Divide Study Group, Japan Society of Info-communication Research: "In order to facilitate grass-roots development of rural information infrastructure using wireless LAN technology, we would recommend a common policy for all Pacific Island countries to introduce non-licensing scheme for 2.4GHz and 5GHz band..."
  • "Digital Divides in the Pacific Islands," by Dirk H. R. Spennemann, IT and Society, Volume 1, Issue 7 (Spring/Summer 2004), pages 46-65.

Cook Islands

  • "Wireless internet reaching Pacific islands," by Anthony Doesburg, New Zealand Herald, 20 September 2005: "Cook Islands ISP Oyster Net has installed two Wi-Fi hotspots in Avarua, the main town on Rarotonga, the biggest of the Cooks' 15 islands... the plan is to install four more hotspots shortly, starting with the Edgewater Resort, Rarotonga's biggest..."

Fiji

  • "Telecommunication reform to provide variety of services," Fiji Government press release, 17 July 2006, in English: "The Fiji Government is in the process of implementing sector reforms in the telecommunication industry to provide a larger variety of services, better coverage and value for money, using competition as a key tool says Minister for Information and Communications, Mr Isireli Leweniqila... 'The key components in this transition are the New Policy Directions for Telecommunication, a draft Bill which is currently being finalized and a road map for liberalization.' ...He added the Ministry will be reviewing and updating the telecommunications legal and regulatory framework to facilitate the realization of this policy including the transition of licensing arrangements of existing telecommunications operators. Moreover, Mr. Leweniqila said an important objective of Government policy is to create a mechanism for providing telecommunications services in those areas that will not be served on a commercial basis due to low profitability, with special emphasis on remote areas and outer islands..."
  • "Unwired expands," Fiji Times Online, 23 June 2007: "Unwired Fiji will expand its coverage from the Suva area to Nausori in the weeks ahead, promising a noticeable increase in performance and support services, chief executive officer John Pollock announced yesterday. The expansion follows a recent Government announcement to open VoIP (voice over internet protocol) services with Unwired Fiji as the first independent Internet service provider of such a service..."
  • "Problems and Prospects for New Media In Fiji," by Connor Reidy, 13 June 2006: "In October of 2005 Fiji's first independent broadband wireless network started operations. Fiji Unwired offers speeds ranging from 64kbps to 1mbps and its presence in the market has seen the drop of Internet prices. (Fiji Times, 2005, pg 22) Unwired Fiji set up a 2 million dollar transmitter tower in August of 2005 to cater for their services. (Singh, 2005, pg20)... In December 2005 Vodafone Fiji filed an injunction in the Fiji High Court to stop the Ministry of Communications from allowing other independent operators into the market. This came just as Fiji began its reforms of the telecommunications industry (Pacnews 2006)..."
  • "Wireless Net hits Fiji," The Fiji Times, 10 December 2004.
  • "FINTEL tests internet market," Fiji Times, 2 March 2007: " FIJI International Telecommunications Ltd (FINTEL) is testing the market to provide wireless Internet services nationwide... The company had said it had selected BreezeMAX, a product of the world's leading provider of wireless broadband solutions and specialised mobile networks Alvarion Limited, to offer data services..."
  • "Registration and individual license is required" for RFID use of the 915-925 MHz band in Fiji (max. EIRP 1W), according to the table of national allocations appended to "APT Recommendation on Spectrum for UHF RFID Devices," February 2006.

Guam:

    "The island of Guam has one of the most advanced telecommunications infrastructure and systems in the South Pacific region, accessible to the nexus of the Pacific's underwater fibre optics cabling network... By late 2006, a wireless broadband service via wireless hotspots was available throughout the island..." ---"Guam - Telecoms Market Overview & Statistics," BuddeComm, 10 October 2006.

Hawaii:

  • "The Island of the Wireless Guerrillas," b Erick Schonfeld, Business 2.0, April 2002: "Hawaii has given us many great things. Surfing. The ukulele. Don Ho. But of all of Hawaii's bounty, perhaps no gift is more wonderful than the one it is giving now: A group of dedicated tech junkies that's creating our wireless broadband future..."

Niue:

  • "World's First WiFi Nation," Unstrung, 23 June 2003: "The Internet Users Society/Niue today announced that it has launched the world's first free nation-wide WiFi Internet access service on the Polynesian island-nation of Niue..."
  • "Legislation shuts down first WiFi nation" by Rodney Wiedemann, ITWeb (14 October 2003): "According to telecommunications minister Toke Talagi, the service was not properly licensed, which is why it has been switched off..."
  • "Thorns in paradise: Fear of competition destroys a WiFi Eden in Niue" by Francis Till, National Business Review, 22 January 2004: "Not only did ubiquitous wireless internet mean that users could bypass the per-minute telephone charges of making data connections to the Niue internet hub but it also raised the spectre of free internet phone calls via computer... the revenue stream represented by high international tolls for calls out of Niue might have vanished as islanders figured out the technology... [But the Internet Users Society of Niue] still has access to the Internet ...for which it pays Telecom Niue...$10,000 per month for a 64K frame relay connection... and it still has its wireless intranet. It even continues to offer free internet access to users from its internet café in Alofi. While some of its WiFi masts were damaged during the cyclone, the group says it has restored service throughout the island..."
  • http://www.wifination.nu/

Papua-New Guinea:

  • "Japan Company Installs Wireless Internet in PNG," The National, 18 May 2006 (via the Pacific Islands Report): "A Japanese company is currently installing wireless broadband internet services in Simbu province. Governor Peter Launa said yesterday this was a pilot project initiated by Pangtel. [PIR editor's note: Pangtel is the licensing authority and regulator of the radiocommunications and telecommunications industry, including radio and television broadcasting in Papua New Guinea.] Mr Launa said it was funded by the Japanese government at the cost K312,000 [US$107,000]... Mr Launa said in time, all the six districts would be hooked up on the internet as this would make communication easier."

Solomon Islands:

  • "Consultation on license condition published," Solomon Star News, 18 February 2011: "The Telecommunications Commission of the Solomon Islands (TCSI) yesterday published a consultation on the licence conditions that will generally apply to the provision of telecommunications services in the Solomon Islands. The conditions are set out in a draft Class Licence and would permit any person to provide any type of telecommunication service, though they would need to apply for a separate spectrum licence should they also require access to radio frequencies. Speaking yesterday, the Telecommunications Commissioner, Nicholas Williams, said the consultation is important to get the license right. 'The publication of the consultation is very important. The Class licence has the affect of implementing full-scale market liberalisation'... The TCSI is also seeking views on a related exemption order that would exempt persons who are providing telecommunications services for their own use or as a complement to their main business from the requirement to obtain an individual licence or register under the Class Licence... The Consultation document, including the draft Class Licence and Exemption Order, is available on the TCSI's website: www.tcsi.org.sb"
  • "People First Network (PFnet) - Solomon Islands," Communications Initiative, November 2003: "PFnet has two key components. One is a newly expanded Internet Centre in Honiara, which PFnet Manager describes as the 'electronic post office' of PFnet's rural email network... The Centre generates revenue (the project aims to become self-sufficient)... The second component of PFnet is the network of email stations located in remote islands across the country. The 9 stations are located in provincial clinics, community schools, or other accessible and secure public facilities. The stations use a short-wave radio (already ubiquitous and well-known in the South Pacific), a low-end computer, and solar energy. Several times a day, each remote email station connects to the hub station in Honiara automatically. Incoming or outgoing emails are transferred between the remote station and the hub, and between this hub and the wider Internet..."
  • "World's first for SI in research techniques," Solomon Star News, 14 November 2006: "Solomon Islands now leads the Pacific region following the introduction of the International Visitor Survey (IVS) at Honiara International Airport. Department of Tourism and Culture said the technology used was the first 'real time' IVS anywhere in the world.... 'The technology involves a small tablet PC where each interview is recorded "live" and transmitted through a WiFi link or hotspot that has been installed at the airport... The Telekom link at the airport is the first of a local network of internet Wi-Fi 'hotspots' throughout the Honiara area..."
  • "Isabel Island village gets wireless email," Solomon Star News, 4 October 2005 (via the Pacific Islands Report): "Samasodu community in Isabel province, Solomon Islands, is now connected to the rest of the world following the opening of a PFnet email station last Friday... Representative from Pfnet, Randall Biliki... said the province was fortunate with five stations established around the province. [PIR editor's note: Isabel province, also known as Santa Isabel island, is located northwest of Guadalcanal island - where the capital city of Honiara, Solomon Islands is located. Pfnet - People First Network - is an award-winning nonprofit organization funded by the United Nations and other international donors, dedicated to rural networking in the Solomons through wireless communications.]"

Tonga:

  • "The Communications Act 2000 provides for the [Prime] Minister to issue individual licences and class licences... In addition, the Minister will issue a Private Network Facility Individual Licence (PNFIL) to natural persons who currently own and operate private network facilities. The Government's intention is to tightly control private network activity as this bypasses existing communications network infrastructure and erodes the value of other individual licences. The PNFIL will require that such private network facilities are technically compatible with interconnecting networks operated by the major licensees. Moreover, the licensee will indemnify the operator of interconnecting networks against loss or damage. The Minister will promulgate class licences to enable suitably qualified persons to undertake the following activities:
    • "supply communications customer equipment services;
    • "engage in simple resale; and
    • "provide Internet access services.
    "Persons who wish to operate under a class licence must first register with the Department..." ---quoted from "Information on APT Broadband & ICT" by Paula Ma'u, Deputy Secretary, Department of Communications, Prime Minister's Office, Tonga, for an Asia Pacific Telecommunity Telecom Development Forum meeting in June 2004.
  • "Tonga National Operator to Cover Islands with WiMAX Using Alvarion," Alvarion press release, 19 September 2006: "The Kingdom of Tonga, the oldest and last remaining Polynesian monarchy, is an island nation with around 100,000 residents inhabiting 42 of its 170 islands spread over 700,000 square kilometers in the south Pacific, and has thousands more visitors who come to enjoy its year round tropical weather, beach communities, and now broadband services..."

Asia & Pacific - Regional Overview