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RWANDA

  • According to Wireless Networks for the Developing World: The Regulation and Use of Licence-Exempt Radio Bands in Africa by Isabel Neto (June 2004), WiFi is license exempt in Rwanda, there is no power limit and no registration requirement.
  • Law No. 39/2001 (13 September 2001) - Establishing an Agency for the Regulation of Certain Public Utilities: telecommunications are under the jurisdiction of the Rwanda Utility Regulatory Agency, RURA.
  • Law No. 44/2001 of 30 November 2001 Governing Telecommunications: "Article 10 - Certain telecommunications networks and telecommunications services do not require a telecommunications license. Acting solely on a proposal from the Regulatory Board, the Minister specifies in a Ministerial decree the circumstances in which such a license is not required..." However, Article 33 says licenses are required for establishing or operating "any base station or terminal equipment for radiocommunications" or using "any part of the radio frequency spectrum for radiocommunications..." This might be either an "individual license" or a "standard license" (which we understand to be like a class license). Receive-only equipment needs no license.
  • Ministerial Order No. 3/DC/04 of 7 June 2004 on Telecommunications Networks and Services Not Requiring a Telecommunications License: "Value Added Services" can escape the need for a telecom license by being "declared" before they start operating. Articles 8 and 9 define networks and services not subject even to "prior declaration." That includes "low-power, short-range radiocommunications networks whose categories are determined from time to time by the [Regulatory] Board, in consultation with the Minister and with the Minister responsible for defense."
  • The Rwanda Information Technology Authority, created in 2002, is not a regulator but an implementer of the national ICT plan.
  • "Rwanda ICT Sector Performance Review" by Albert Nsengiyumva (National University of Rwanda, April 2004) said no license is required for VSATs providing voice telephony and Internet in remote areas.
  • "Rwanda: Kigali City to Go Wireless By September," by Saul Butera, The New Times, 22 July 2009: "Internet users in Kigali City will soon be utilising fast speed mobile wireless Internet called WiBro. RDB Deputy CEO in charge of IT, Nkubito Bakuramutsa said yesterday that the WiBro technology that will enable users to access uninterrupted Internet from any part of the city, will be deployed by the end of September... Bakuramutsa said that the Kigali Wibro project is worth Rwf4.5 billion ($8 million)..."
  • "MTN selects vendors for Wi-Fi network deployment," TeleGeography's CommsUpdate, 21 October 2009: "...MTN Rwanda has selected Wavion and Balton Uganda for the deployment of a large scale Wi-Fi network in Kigali. The new network is based on Wavion WBS-2400 base stations, which will provide high speed wireless connectivity to SMEs and residential users in the capital. In the first phase of the project, around 100 base stations will be installed on rooftops and at MTN's existing cellular sites..."
  • "Rwanda's secondary schools to be connected by 2017" by David Kezio-Musoke and Angella Nabwowe, Highway Africa News Agency, 3 February 2005: "Rwanda has an aggressive Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) policy, aiming at making the poor country a technology centre within the next decades..."
  • "Kenyan MPs Humbled in Rwanda," by Cyrus Kinyungu, The Nation (Nairobi), 8 September 2005 (via AllAfrica): "'...Every MP in our Parliament has a laptop and has been trained on how to use it. One can access Internet from any corner of Parliament without connection cables,' said Dr Nyramirimo Odette, an MP in [Rwanda's] chamber of deputies... To access the network you must have a wireless network card for your laptop, which must be compatible with the 802.11b or 802.11g wireless standard. An ID user name and password is required and once the wireless device has been booted and a browser opened, the user is prompted on how to proceed... 'The system of governance and technology in Rwanda makes our Parliament look Victorian and archaic,' said Mandera Central MP Billow Kerrow [of Kenya]...."

Africa - Regional Overview