"17. (1) No person shall possess, establish or operate any public or private telecommunication network save under licence issued thereto according to the provisions of this Act.
"(2) The following shall be exempted from application of sub-section (1):
"(a) telecommunication networks of the Peoples Armed Forces, Police Forces and National Security Forces, within the limits of frequency band allocated thereto.
"(b) The network for internal communications within the parts of the same building owned by one person.
"(3)The entities exempted according to sub-section (2) hereinabove shall not offer telecommunication services in a commercial manner save under licence to be issued thereto by the Board..."
The "Telecommunication General Bylaws 2002" in Arabic. Chapter III of the Bylaws is devoted to the "Allocation of Frequency Bands and Licensing of Frequencies." Click here for an abridged English translation of that chapter. Omitted in the English version but included in the Arabic original, Section 55 discusses "Licensing communications networks in the free bands": Communications networks may be established in the free bands only after approval by the Council to do so. ("لا يجوز إنشاء شبكات الاتصالات في المناطق الحرة إلا بعد موافقة المجلس على - الترخيص بشبكات الاتصالات في المناطق الح") Section 56 continues with "Establishing communication networks": The licensee must obtain the approval and ratification of the competent authorities in the State and coordinate with other institutions to extend terrestrial networks across roads, open spaces and public squares.
The ACREG database also says licenses are needed for "business enterprises to operate WLAN systems for internal coverage" in the 2.4 and 5.8 GHz bands. "Conditions are set on max EIRP power, coverage area and modulation type." Specifying "business" operation suggests that non-business networks for self-use within one's own property might not need a license. But it remains unclear if Council approval of communication networks in the "free bands" can be generic or if it is given on a case by case basis. ACREG shows only 23 WLANs with "permits" in the whole country.
"There is great concern about the Internet in Sudan; hard-line Muslims want a full ban on Internet access because they fear it fills young Sudanese with Western images and ideology..." ---"Sudan Press, Media, TV, Radio, Newspapers" at the PressReference website (2002?).