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UNITED ARAB EMIRATES

  • Online archive of the UAE's spectrum policies and regulations, in Arabic. See especially, "SRD Regulations version 1.0," (the largest part of which is a table of power limits and frequency allocations), and "اللائحة التنظيمية بشأن إستخدام نطاقات 2.4 جيجاهرتز و5 جيجاهرتز لشبكة اللاسلكي المحلية وشبكات الراديو المحلية," [Regulation on the use of 2.4 GHz and 5 GHz wireless local network and local radio networks] in Arabic.
  • "WiFi set to expand in the home and office," by Naushad K. Cherrayil, GulfNews.com, 9 January 2010: "...'Our latest forecast estimates the UAE broadband market to grow by 20 per cent in 2013,' said Saeed Irfan, Research Manager, Telecommunications, IDC Middle East, Turkey and Africa. On the consumer side, we can expect more wireless networking at home - from a wider use of laptops, mobile phones, media players and peripherals connected to the network to the emergence of WiFi-connected home appliances in the future. On the enterprise side, we can also expect more companies adopting a managed WiFi network to enable employees working nomadically with their laptops or mobile devices inside the corporate premises.'..."
  • "Technology unlimited" by Leena Mathew, Gulf News Report, 17 November 2006: "According to Hishamul Hasheel, Technical Sales Manager, US Robotics Middle East and North Africa, wireless deployments are increasing across the Middle East and especially in the UAE there has been a tremendous uptake of wireless as a means for networking at home... The wireless networking business has grown multi-fold in the Middle East, and the UAE in particular, over the last two years... In the UAE there are new hot spots mushrooming every day at airports, coffee shops, restaurants, airports etc... Wireless outdoor networking still needs more developments and maturity in this market, as there are lot of RF spectrum regulations and policies driven by the TRA that limits the growth and adoption of this technology..."
  • "Outside and online: capital to offer free internet in parks," UAE Interact, 15 October 2008: "...The project is being undertaken in collaboration with etisalat, the telecoms provider, said Abdul Aziz al Juraishi, the Abu Dhabi director of parks and recreation facilities. The service is expected to begin within two months... 'We've done a study to find out the best place to start this wireless internet, and hopefully it would be on Corniche Road, where there are three open parks,' Mr. Juraishi said. 'We will see about extending to all parks if the first phase succeeds.'..."
  • "Wireless internet access planned for Dubai Metro," UAE Interact, 15 September 2008: "...According to an engineer for the telecom provider du, which is installing hardware to run the wireless system, 'every centimetre of the Dubai Metro will have internet access'... Charges, access speeds and extra in-car services such as television screens have yet to be finalised..."
  • "BlackBerry poses social and security risks, UAE warns," Reuters, 25 July 2010: "...Gulf state Bahrain in April warned against the use of BlackBerry Messenger software to distribute local news, drawing criticism from media freedom watchdog Reporters Without Borders (RSF) which called it an act of censorship. That sparked concerns that other Gulf countries might also consider curbing the use of certain applications on the BlackBerry... BlackBerry was operating 'beyond the jurisdiction of national legislation,' the UAE's Telecommunications Regulatory Authority said in a statement issued on Sunday... in their current form, certain BlackBerry applications allow people to misuse the service, causing serious social, judicial and national security repercussions.'..."
  • "Comparative overview of Telecommunications Regulations in US, UK and UAE" [with regard to the regulation of encryption and government right to intercept], Emirates News Agency, 1 August 2010.
  • "Dubai Public Libraries apply RFID system," AME Info, 5 May 2008.
  • "First Arab RFID Conference successfully held in Dubai, presenting the latest revolutionary technology," Business Intelligence - Middle East, 16 October 2008: "Over 125 delegates from leading organisations in the Middle East, Europe and US attended the two-day conference 'Arab RFID 2008' held from 13-14 October 2008, at the Moevenpick Hotel Dubai..."
  • "Snapshot on WLAN and Bluetooth in United Arab Emirates (UAE)", Approval Specialists, 21 July, 2003: "The UAE has recently allowed approval of 802.11b, 802.11a and 802.11g devices with approval being granted by ETISALAT and the Ministry of Communications. However, their treatment of Bluetooth® devices is somewhat unique... According to the UAE government test lab (UAELAB), Bluetooth is treated as an intrinsic function of a larger product. As an example, they will approve faxes, phones and WLAN that incorporate Bluetooth functionality, however there are no approval requirements for low power Bluetooth devices... Bluetooth wireless mouse or keyboards operating at <10mW do not require approval. Devices with higher output power fall into a 'grey zone'..."
  • Venture Technologies Middle East "was the first to bring hotspots to the UAE and to offer Wi-Fi to the general public in café culture... French Connection's coffee shop hosted the first hotspot in Dubai...
  • "UAE becoming a wireless hot spot," by Jyoti Kalsi, Gulf News Report, 5 May 2003: "Emirates Internet and Multimedia (EIM), Etisalat's Internet business unit, plans to go live with the first Internet 'hot spots' in the UAE by September... The technology is already available in the UAE through several companies and is being used on a limited scale by some establishments like restaurants and cafes. The Sharjah Expo Centre recently adopted this wireless networking system... The technology is equally useful in residential areas like villas where users can work from the bed, on the kitchen table or in the garden..."
  • "Wireless Security in UAE: A Survey Paper," by Amir Kalbasi, Omar Alomar, Mohammad Hajipour and Fadi Aloul; presented at the 4th IEEE Gulf Cooperation Council Conference in Bahrain, November 2007: "...During the survey in the Buhaira area in Sharjah, the team was able to identify 2032 access points (APs)... The area has mostly residential apartments, some offices, and a few hotels... We [also] decided to survey Sheikh Zayed road and the Internet city in Dubai. Both locations have a high number of offices, hotels, and residential buildings. During the survey, the team identified 1587 and 271 APs in Sheikh Zayed road and Internet city, respectively...."
  • From the Khaleej Times, 9 January 2004: "Emirates Airline will soon offer its passengers the world's first regular, airborne wireless laptop service, thanks to an agreement signed yesterday with Tenzing Communications..."
  • "Free Wi-Fi available at Abu Dabi airport," by Elsa Baxter, Arabian Business, 13 September 2009: "Fifty new internet kiosks are now also up-and-running in the airport’s recently opened Terminal 3. A total of 65 touch screen kiosks which offer 20 minutes free internet access per session are now operational in the airport. The Wi-Fi access provides one hour of free access per session, Abu Dhabi Airports Company (ADAC) said in a statement..."
  • In spring 2004, Etisalat Internet and Multimedia launched its "iZone" hotspot service, serving shopping centers, hotels, airports, etc.
  • "Wireless internet set to be new mass-use technology," by Jay B. Hilotin and Taryam Al Subaihi, Gulf News, 12 May 2004: "But it's up to the regulators to take a proactive stance..."
  • Responding to a question about whether wi-fi equipment was legal in the UAE, a representative of the Emirates Telecom LAB said in their online forum in April 2004, "Approximately (10) 802.11 b and g (not 802.11 a) Access Points and User Devices have recently been Type Approved for use in corporate WLAN environments..." That, plus other comments in the forum, suggest that only institutional uses of Wi-fi were allowed back then. A more recent (20 August 2005) answer to the question "Do we need a License to operate WLAN Network in the 902-928 Mhz Frequency band and the 2.4Ghz Frequency?" was: "Yes you do need a type approval permit for the 2.4G - as for the 900 band, it is not allowed at this time in the UAE."
  • "Wi-Fi technology makes much headway in Dubai," Gulf News Report, 28 October 2004: "Dubai's current figure of 35 hot spots is expected to jump to 140 [by the end of 2006], with a total number of 35,000 users, driven by demand from businessmen and foreign visitors travelling to Dubai, according to a recent study by Dubai-based Madar Research Group... The Madar study shows that in Dubai most of the hot spots are found in five-star hotels, while the rest are found in coffee shops and exhibition centres..."
  • "eCompany, Symantec and Linksys partner to enhance the broadband experience," Etisalat press release, 21 February 2005: "Al Shamil customers now have the freedom to use Internet over broadband within their home by using the Linksys Wireless Broadband Gateways... With the wireless broadband gateway, subscribers will find it easy to set up a home networking environment in terms of setting up of a WiFi hotspot at home..."
  • " 'Wireless Home' Project Heralds Exciting Career Prospects for Women of Dubai," by Jason Deign and Alison Classe, News@Cisco, 16 September 2005.
  • "Etisalat's WiFi based iZone service will soon be a commercially paid service by the second quarter of 2005. Approval from the telecom authorities is awaited on this issue. The company is planning to target 275-300 hotspots across UAE with the newly introduced paid service by the end of the year..." ---from "Etisalat is planning to charge for WiFi broadband services" by Sandhya D'Mello, Khaleej Times Online, 29 April 2005, which noted that there were 65 iZone hotspots in the UAE when this article was published.
  • "UAE approves telecom regulator," AMEinfo, 3 October 2004. UAE's Supreme Committee approved the Telecom Regulatory Authority's budget so it can begin working. See also: "TRA to manage UAE frequency," AMEinfo, 14 February 2005.
  • "President revises law for telecoms - UAE" Khaleej Times, 5 September 2005: decree changes the telecom law (Federal Law No. 3/2003) to establish a new regulatory authority, the Higher Committee for Supervision of the Telecommunications Sector.
  • "UAE, closed telecom sector" AMEinfo, 27 September 2005: "The UAE's telecom sector will be closed to competition until at least 2015, with consumers stuck with a choice between services from two government owned operators, reported Gulf News..."
  • "The UAE announced intentions to implement a five year policy to liberalize its telecom sector..." Al-Hayat, 4 January 2006.
  • "Development of a WLAN Testbed" by Mohammed Abdel-Hafez, paper presented at the 4th Annual UAE University Research Conference, 27-29 April 2003.
  • "UAE Universities Adopt RFID to Thwart Diploma Forgery," by Rhea Wessel, RFID Journal, 8 June 2009: "The American University of Sharjah and dozens of other universities in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) are placing RFID tags on the diplomas they issue, in order to ensure the validity of the documents, as well as speed up the process of university registration. The RFID application, currently being rolled out, will be employed by 50 universities throughout the country and roughly 15,000 students, and will then be added to as needed, according to Moosa Eisa Al Amri, the chairman of Amricon, the company providing the solution to the university... [The Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research (MOHESR)] recommends that the universities adopt Amricon's solution, enabling them to issue diplomas fitted with adhesive RFID labels containing security codes that hinder forging by preventing unauthorized individuals from encoding the label's RFID tags..."
  • "Dulsco introduces RFID technology for waste management at ADNEC," Dulsco press release (via Al Bawaba), 18 January 2011: "Marking a UAE first, Dulsco Abu Dhabi, an ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001 certified waste management services provider in the UAE, has announced that its Waste Management Division has introduced RFID (Radio Frequency Identification) technology for waste management at the Abu Dhabi National Exhibition Centre ADNEC. Under the pilot project, all trucks, compactors, bins, and waste skips at ADNEC are embedded with RFID tags that provide complete data on the waste management activity. This data can be accessed online by the ADNEC and Dulsco team enabling better control and coordination in managing waste..."

Middle East - Regional Overview