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YEMEN

  • وزير الاتصالات يدشن خدمة الإنترنت اللاسلكي بتقنية WiFi [Communications Minister launches wireless Internet service, WiFi], Technology IT magazine (published by the Ministry of Communications and IT), 16 December 2006, in Arabic: said to be the first project of its kind in Yemen, 11 hotspots in the capital Sanaa and 6 hotspots in the governate of Aden will provide subscribers with high-speed Internet access. Other provinces will get hotspots in the next phase. The service is apparently aimed at university students, businessmen and tourists.
  • "About YemenNet Wireless Internet" in English and Arabic. The listed locations are shopping malls and hotels.
  • Radio Frequencies page, Ministry of Communications and IT, in Arabic.
  • لائحة تنظيم وأجور استخدام الترددات والأجهزة الراديوية (اللاسلكية) [List of regulations and payments for the use of wireless devices and spectrum], Ministry of Communications and IT, in Arabic, no date. Articles 4 and 5 say only the Ministry can import radio devices. But Article 43 exempts military and security forces from that stipulation and Article 9 adds that the Ministry may license others to import. Article 6 prohibits unauthorized radio use. Article 22 exempts specific device types from frequency use fees, including cordless phones, radio-controlled toys, pagers, broadcast receivers, seismic early warning sensors, etc.
  • "Report of the Regional Seminar on 'Economic aspects of frequency spectrum for the Arab Region'," organized by the ITU in Sana'a, Yemen (11-13 December 2005), in English: "In Yemen, spectrum management is within the 'umbrella' responsibility of the Ministry of Information... The National Telecommunication Law was passed in 1990.... In the last 15 years the regulation has been changed 3 times. At first, fees were based on equipment use but as there was no charge for frequency use, the VHF and UHF spectrum was quickly assigned, resulting in congestion in major cities. The regulation was re-issued to charge for frequency use, with the result that licencees returned many frequencies that were no longer required. A third re-issue contains a simple (low, medium, high) pricing mechanism based on frequency band with the intention to encourage users to use the less congested bands. The National Frequency Allocation Plan is reviewed and revised from time-to-time by a National Committee of government departments operators..."
  • "Profile of the Information Society in the Republic of Yemen" by Hassan Ahmad Sharafuddin, University of Sana'a, for the UN Economic and Social Commission for Western Asia, 29 October 2003 (27 pages in English, translated from Arabic). No mention of radio licensing.
  • تقنيات الشبكات اللاسلكي (article in Arabic about wireless LAN technology from the National Information Centre's magazine)
  • "The hazards of high-tech communications," by Fares Anam, Yemen Observer, 3 April 2007: "Abdul-Rahman Barman, a lawyer, said that the increasing phenomenon of Bluetooth usage in Yemen is very dangerous, because it easy to send things to other people, and anyone can send something to a total stranger without even knowing the phone numbers. 'It causes many problems and leads to immoral crimes through the availability of dirty movies on mobiles,' he said... 'They are trading these messages via Bluetooth, which will lead to the moral decay of families within our societies,' Barman said. Researchers who have been studying the causes of the spread of this phenomenon within Yemeni society found that there were many factors that facilitated this spread, such as the introduction of high-tech modern mobile phones, which are now accessible to children... Sociology professors Abdul-Gabar Radman and Fatin Abdu of Sana'a University see this phenomenon as a cancer plaguing the Muslim culture. They see it as linked to a hostile Western conspiracy to promote subversive ideas in developing societies..."
  • "A handful of countries, currently only Yemen and North Korea, simply do not permit their citizens to operate amateur radio stations, although in both cases a limited number of foreign visitors have been permitted to obtain amateur licenses in the past decade." --Wikipedia page on "Amateur Radio," June 2006.

Middle East - Regional Overview